A farmer was out working in his field, when a traveller walked by. The traveller, grumpy-looking and obviously in a bad mood, stopped and asked the farmer “What are the people living in the next village like?”
“How did you find the people in the last village?” asked the farmer. The traveller answered: “They were all rude and ill-tempered, all selfish and no one to be trusted.”
“Is that so?” said the farmer. “Unfortunately, you will find the people in the next village just the same.”
If you sit still doing nothing for just a few moments, your mind will start to wander in all different directions, and this happens also after a while when you otherwise try to concentrate on a task. A beloved child has many names, and this also goes for this well-known phenomenon. The Buddha called it the “monkey mind”, likening it to the monkey constantly jumping from one tree branch to another. A western everyday name is of course “day-dreaming”, and the neuroscientists are talking about “mind-wandering”.
A cornerstone in Buddhist philosophy is the understanding that everything is impermanent and that our attachment to person, things or phenomena as they are, is thus a cause of suffering – as all this will eventually change. The way to get out of this suffering is to rid ourselves from these attachments.
One of the genetically strongest fears we have is to be abandoned by the group. Humans are flock animals, and the safety of the group has been vital for our survival throughout evolution. If you challenged the prevailing norms in the early hunting tribe, you’d risk being expelled from the group, and this was often the same as a death sentence.
In our stressed out western world, where so much of our lives circle around money, possessions and surface, more and more people are looking for alternative values in life that instead emphasize simplicity, harmony and balance.
The focus is often on ancient Asian practices, which are dusted off and usually dressed in a western costume. Concepts like meditation, mindfulness and yoga are tossed around, and variations of these themes are practiced in yoga studios, with focus on body movements, as well as used in various stress reduction programmes that include both meditation and mindfulness exercises.
Life can be complex, frustrating, and hard to understand, and trying to always be in control is a futile exercise. Another approach is instead to cultivate an open mind which is free from all preconceptions and expectations. This is a state which the great Zen master Shunryu Suzuki has called the beginner’s mind.
In his book Zen mind, beginner’s mind, Suzuki writes “In the beginner’s mind, there are many possibilities; in the expert’s mind there are few”.